Grow chillies to diversify your sources of income

Chillies (Capsicum frutescens L.), hot pepper or pilipilikali, belongs to the family Solanaceae. They are grown mostly for their fresh fruits used to flavour soups and stews and for seasoning and making sauces. Chillies are rich in vitamin C (100-500mg ascorbic acid/g of fresh fruit).

Fish grow well with proper feeding

Productivity of fishponds can be increased by providing the fish with supplementary food. Manufactured fish feeds available in East Africa are found in one or more of the follow­ing forms: Meal, crumble, dry sinking pellets, moist sinking pellets, and float­ing pellets.

Take advantage of short rains, make silage

With the expected rains, farmers can boost their fodder reserves by using excess crop residue on the farm or plant short season crops. When making silage, the chopped crop is stored in airtight bags, pits or silos. It ferments resulting in the production of acid, which prevents decomposition and growth of unwanted organisms that can spoil the fodder.

Farmers in Western Kenya embrace carbon credits

News that farmers in the country would benefit from a climate change initiative by planting trees to earn carbon credits created euphoria a few years ago. There have been rumours that farmers in Western Kenya are making a lot of money from the carbon credits.

Earn more from chillies through value addition

Do you know that you can earn yourself extra income by adding value to chilli? You can give chilli powder a more pleasant taste and aroma by adding dry ingredients like coriander (dania), garlic, ginger, small fish and salt before crushing in the mill.

Build your beef farming enterprise gradually

The article ‘Raise bull calves and sell them for meat’ generated interest from readers. Many of the enquirers wanted to know the breeds suited for beef, what feeding options are available to farmers, and general information on what it takes to establish a beef rearing enterprise.

Protect your animals from Rift Valley Fever

Eggs from mosquitos that cause the Rift Valley Fever can survive for several years under dry conditions. They then hatch and increase mosquito populations especially in low-lying areas that flood during heavy rains. Farmers must be aware and take preventive measures.

Harvest early to reduce aflatoxin contamination

Heavy rains at the time of maize harvesting have serious effects on the quality of maize. Some varieties of maize open their ears too early; if it starts raining, the water goes into the maize cob causing rotting. Pests also easily enter the maturing maize cob and destroy it before it is harvested.

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Choose right onion varieties to avoid viral disease

Are you an onion farmer and you have failed to get good yields from your onion crop due to a strange disease? Research now shows that the seed varieties you have been buying for planting could be susceptible to Iris Yellow Spot virus (IYSV) disease, which is transmitted by thrips.

Raise bull calves and sell them for meat

A number of TOF readers have asked if it is possible to start a beef enterprise using bull calves from dairy farms. Beef farming is a profitable venture because of the huge demand for beef which is currently not being met through local production.

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